Fully subsidized latrine construction as part of emergency WASH programming have failed to have an impact on sanitation in many fragile and insecure contexts. A bold and different approach is needed and WASH professionals should not be afraid to experiment with the use of development tools in a humanitarian context. There are signs of early success in Somalia and Sudan and research into the impact of Concern’s WASH programme in eastern Chad shows impressive increase in sanitation coverage (from 10% to 81% in 10 months) using a combination of CLTS, PHAST and Barrier Analysis approaches.
These experiments came at a time when other water and sanitation actors were exploring the broader applicability of more demand-driven approaches in fragile and post emergency situations. CHC has been studying and documenting how the CLTS approach can be adapted to achieve sustainable results in fragile states and insecure contexts and specifically how it contributes to building community resilience. In an article recently published in the journal, Waterlines, CHC director, Nancy Balfour, explores the applicability of CLTS in fragile and insecure contexts and explains why it is in some ways an ideal approach for overcoming some of the challenges of working in these areas.
Further details of this approach can be found in the attached document