CHC with partners, Global Emergency Group (GEG), conducted a Real-Time Evaluation of UNICEF’s drought response in Kenya with the overall purpose of strengthening both UNICEF’s current and future programming based on real-time feedback and learning. This evaluation focused primarily on WASH, Nutrition and Health in the drought-affected counties of Garissa, Tana River, Marsabit, Mandera, Turkana, and Kilifi. The RTE considered the extent to which the lessons learned were applied from the 2011 IASC RTE of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis
In 2016, Kenya began showing signs of an oncoming drought. Upon the official declaration of a drought emergency in February 2017, the UN issued a flash appeal and UNICEF scaled up their response that started in 2016. As such, the UNICEF Kenya Country Office requested that an RTE to be conducted to monitor and enhance UNICEF’s response efforts throughout the most affected areas of Kenya.
This RTE was designed as a rapid and participatory evaluation. The intended audience for the RTE is the UNICEF Kenya Country Office. Though the RTE was conducted between August 2017 and February 2018, the RTE scope covered the UNICEF drought response from August 2016 to December 2017. The RTE process comprised a thorough desk review, field visits, three interim report presentations, a participatory workshop with key stakeholders, and a final report. The desk review included an in-depth analysis of early warning systems, situation reports, early response plans, briefings, appeals, and other evaluations concerning past drought crises in Kenya and the Horn of Africa. Three rounds of field visits included individual and focus group interviews with key stakeholders and communities affected by the 2017 drought crisis, totaling over 500 interviewees. Three interim report presentations and debriefing in the UNICEF zone offices allowed for real-time feedback from UNICEF and key stakeholders and for real-time adjustments to be made to the response. A final workshop was conducted with key UNICEF stakeholders from each sector as well as partner agencies, including the government. The workshop allowed for detailed feedback and discussion with the aim of validating and prioritizing findings and recommendations that emerged throughout the RTE. Altogether, field visits, community discussions, interim presentations, and the final workshop built upon the desk review and served as the basis for the content of the final report.