Characteristics of An Aid Model

The constant tension between humanitarian and development aid frequently revolves around the aid delivery model. Humanitarian organisations work within a delivery system aimed to deliver life-saving aid quickly usually with only very limited attention to longer term objectives of transformative capacity Development organisations favour working within more bureaucratic and formal systems and emphasise government led processes based on the assumption that government will and can take responsibility for the welfare of its own citizens.

Neither of these systems work effectively in fragile areas, the assumption of government willingness and ability is weak in many fragile areas in the region and the repetition of humanitarian aid delivery year after year, without appropriate consideration of the long term impacts and potential of this investment, at best produces limited long lasting impacts on people lives and at worst creates harmful distortions in the local systems ability to cope and develop.

The new emphasis on programming to achieve resilience outcomes is forcing humanitarian and development organisations to work more closely together but what if what is needed is not only closer collaboration but a radically new model for fragile areas? Can the adaptability of humanitarian funding and aid organisations be harnessed with the greater resources and institutional development agendas of development aid? What would a ‘hybrid’ model look like? where would it be applicable and can entrenched systems be persuaded to change?

CHC projects designed to answer these questions and change policy and practice:

BRCiS (Building Resilient Communities in Somalia), is a  Humanitarian Consortium that takes a holistic approach to supporting Somali Communities in developing their capacity to resist and absorb minor shocks without undermining their ability to move out of poverty. CHC worked with BRCiS Consortium to ensure that through effective learning and adaptive management they challenge their […]

The drought situation in Somalia was reminiscent of the conditions preceding the 2010 –2011 famine crisis. In that period lack of rainfall, failed harvests, political conflict and poor accountability of the government to the population all led to severe food insecurity. It is estimated that the deaths of between 242,300 and 272,690 people were directly […]

The work was to develop a strategy for integrated WASH Nutrition for Action Against Hunger (and the wider WASH cluster) in South Sudan that was expected to guide programming for a period of 3 years. In the highly dynamic socio-political situation in the country, strategies were re-examined and revised at regular intervals. The strategy was […]

NCHC Conducted a comparative case study on famine-risk emergency context in the  4 countries to identify practical recommendations and best practices. Data systems have an emphasis on the reliability and validity of data leaving out analysis. What data is missing? Why is data missing? What to do about missing data? And how best to manage […]

CHC conducted a comparative case study on famine-risk emergency context in Nigeria and identified practical recommendations and best practices.  This research analyzed political constraints and factors constraining the linkage between information, analysis and action to develop better practice to protect the independence of analysis underpinning declarations of famine or other severe humanitarian emergencies. The Objectives […]

Director of CHC, Nancy Balfour, worked in partnership with Mercy Corps Kenya to develop a strategy for their programming in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs) of Kenya. This was a contributory framework to the overall country program and was intended to be implemented using a resilience approach and adapted to the risk context in […]

The aim was to ensure equitable and effective humanitarian support to the most vulnerable. The objectives were: To provide a core team of advisors to bring the latest research and contextual knowledge to inform programming to mitigate marginalization and exclusion and to promote the transfer of learning for resilience programming. Specifically: To guide BRCiS and […]

Focused on nine of the most vulnerable and high-risk areas of the 23 counties, PREG works with the Kenyan government both at the National and County level to address underlying community vulnerabilities in the ASAL (Arid and Semi-Arid Lands) region. The partnership linked both humanitarian and development partners to invest in order to increase community […]

The Department for International Development (DfID) committed to helping 60 million gain access to clean water and sanitation by March 2020. The focus was on reaching women and children in fragile states who are also affected by severe malnutrition and stunting.  CHC worked with Oxfam GB in a bid to secure Oxfam’s involvement in the DfID’s […]

Pastoralist societies in Northern Kenya are facing more and more constraints from climatic changes to land loss, dislocation and population growth. The increased frequency of drought with consecutive seasons of failed rains over the past 5 years has had devastating effects on the pastoral communities living in the arid and semi-arid lands of Northern Kenya.  […]


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