Characteristics of An Aid Model
The constant tension between humanitarian and development aid frequently revolves around the aid delivery model. Humanitarian organisations work within a delivery system aimed to deliver life-saving aid quickly usually with only very limited attention to longer term objectives of transformative capacity Development organisations favour working within more bureaucratic and formal systems and emphasise government led processes based on the assumption that government will and can take responsibility for the welfare of its own citizens.
Neither of these systems work effectively in fragile areas, the assumption of government willingness and ability is weak in many fragile areas in the region and the repetition of humanitarian aid delivery year after year, without appropriate consideration of the long term impacts and potential of this investment, at best produces limited long lasting impacts on people lives and at worst creates harmful distortions in the local systems ability to cope and develop.
The new emphasis on programming to achieve resilience outcomes is forcing humanitarian and development organisations to work more closely together but what if what is needed is not only closer collaboration but a radically new model for fragile areas? Can the adaptability of humanitarian funding and aid organisations be harnessed with the greater resources and institutional development agendas of development aid? What would a ‘hybrid’ model look like? where would it be applicable and can entrenched systems be persuaded to change?
CHC projects designed to answer these questions and change policy and practice:
Indonesia has a well-developed disaster response framework with established systems for command and coordination of response activities which delivers relief and essential services to affected populations efficiently and effectively. The International humanitarian system has supported the Indonesian government during major, national level, emergencies including activating the cluster coordination mechanism for key sectors. While WASH is […]
Extreme weather events, or climate shocks, such as floods, wildfires, heatwaves, or droughts, can have major impacts on public health and nutrition status, and on the functioning of health systems in low- and lower middle-income counties. Demand for health and nutrition services grows when these events result in physical injury and psychological trauma, and increase […]
Oxford Policy Management (OPM) was commissioned by the Research, Evidence and Development Department (RED) within DFID to carry out the Maintaining Essential Services After Natural Disasters (Maintains) programme. Maintains is a cross sectoral research programme cutting across education, health, social protection, nutrition, and water and sanitation in six countries, including looking at underpinning issues such […]
These projects were to help improve the understanding and analysis of households living in famine or famine-like conditions to enable improved prevention, mitigation and response. One of the challenges facing food security analysts across the region is accurately distinguishing household characteristics between different phases of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) tool. CHC’s role […]
To generate evidence from Kenya and Ethiopia on the key factors both technical & political that constrain data availability and independent analysis of famine and other extreme humanitarian emergencies and to identify examples of good practice in avoiding, overcoming or mitigating these constrains.
January – December 2017. Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and Nigeria This study considers the constraints on data collection and analysis in humanitarian emergencies and the effects this has on outcome recommendations. The reports uses four cases, Yemen, Somali , Nigeria and South Sudan, and suggests means of ensuring the independence and objectivity of data collection […]
This was an interactive process, meeting frequently with programme managers, coordinators and field teams to promote a learning approach to programming through experiential learning, or “learning through reflection on doing”, at field level. During the Inception phase of the work CHC consulted with the BRCiS (Building Resilient Communities in Somalia), Consortium Management Unit (CMU) and […]
The CMAM Surge Approach has been developed by Concern Worldwide to help health systems more effectively deliver services for children with acute malnutrition. It is based on the observation that in many contexts the number of children seeking treatment for acute malnutrition tends to peak during certain months of the year. These seasonal ‘surges’ in […]
CHC is currently contracted by the System Enhancement for Transformative Health (SETH) project to support operational research in Western Kenya. The SETH project’s objective is to improve the quality, availability and access to Maternal, New-born and Child health and nutrition services (MNCHN). A key component of the SETH project is to support the roll-out of […]
Mercy Corps was leading the implementation of Strengthening Community Capacity for Resilience and Growth components for a USAID funded Kenya Feed the Future Livestock Market Systems (LMS). This was to enable people, households and communities to escape poverty and chronic vulnerability and strengthen their resilience so they can do so sustainably. CHC’s specific objective was […]
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